Arthritis mutilans is one of the most severe forms of arthritis. The disease progresses rapidly in some individuals, slowly in others, and sometimes worsens intermittently.
This debilitating condition originates from chronic psoriatic arthritis or rheumatoid arthritis and results in deformed, shortened joints. Many people who suffer from arthritis mutilans become disabled due to extensive joint damage and debilitating pain.
What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the sufferers immune system begins to attack healthy joints and soft tissue in the body. This type of arthritis can vary from painless to severe and accompanies corresponding symptoms such as redness and swelling.
When rheumatoid arthritis develops into arthritis mutilans, this typically results due to years of remaining untreated.
What Is Psoriatic Arthritis?
In similarity to rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis is also an autoimmune disease. Psoriatic arthritis is connected to psoriasis, which is a chronic condition that affects the sufferer’s skin with itchy, inflamed flakey areas. Close to a third of all psoriasis patients will later develop psoriatic arthritis as the disease begins to attack their joints, which can then turn into arthritis mutilans.