Arthritis in Foot and Ankle

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An aged individual will have higher odds of developing foot and ankle arthritis. Scientifically, joint damage can cause physical changes, pain, and swelling in your ankles and feet. There are several types of symptoms that signify the onset of foot and ankle arthritis. Some of these symptoms include the following:

  • Pain while moving from one area to another
  • Tenderness in the joints
  • Trouble while walking and moving
  • Warmth, swelling, and joint stiffness
  • Persistent swelling and pain after sleeping or sitting

Types of Foot and Ankle Arthritis

Based on science, arthritis is a term that comprises various diseases. Mostly, arthritis involves severe pain, swelling, and inflammation within your joints and soft tissues. In the long term, your joints will wear down because your cartilage will be affected. Therefore, your bones will cause friction between each other, thus causing wear and tear. Below are key types of foot and ankle arthritis:

Post-Traumatic Arthritis

Mostly, this type of arthritis comes as a result of an injury. In most cases, this situation will happen after a bone fracture or dislocation. You may experience the pain after a long duration of time.

Gout

This type of foot and ankle arthritis is associated with uric acid buildup. Research shows that it affects the big toe because of the distance from the heart.

Osteoarthritis

This is the most popular type of foot and ankle arthritis. It’s also termed as wear-and-tear, age-related arthritis, and degenerative joint illness. As previously stated, Osteoarthritis causes physical changes on your foot and ankle on a long term basis. There are various sections of your foot and ankle that are more vulnerable to Osteoarthritis: the joint between shinbone and ankle or foot bone and big toe, outer/inner mid-foot bone, and heel bone.

Psoriatic Arthritis

This kind of foot and ankle arthritis will probably affect your ankles and toes. Sometimes it can cause dactylitis.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

It’s a severe type of foot and ankle arthritis. If you’re suffering from this type of arthritis, your immune system will attack your joints. This is the key reason why it’s classified as an autoimmune disease.

Diagnosis

  • CT and MRI scans
  • X-rays
  • Physical exams

Treatment

  • Anti-inflammatory medications
  • Pain relievers
  • Steroid medications
  • Physical therapy
  • Arch or pads supports
  • Orthotics
  • Braces or Canes for support

Surgery

At some point, your physician can recommend certain surgery process to help you recover from foot and ankle arthritis. Opting for a professional medical practitioner is key if you’re facing severe symptoms of arthritis. Below are the key surgeries for the foot and ankle arthritis.

  • Joint Replacement Surgery

This type of surgery is the best if your case is severe whereby your joints are damaged. Based on medical terms, this type of surgery can be termed arthroplasty. Your physician will remove the damaged cartilage and bone replacing them with plastic or metal.

  • Fusion Surgery

In other terms, this type of surgery can be termed arthrodesis. A medical practitioner will fuse bones with screws, plates, pins, and rods. Your joints will recover, thus re-joining again.

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