Causes and Risk Factors of Arthritis


Risk Factors

These can be described as all things that put individuals at a higher risk of developing any form of arthritis or even worsening the effects of an existing arthritis type. However, the more you put a lot of stress on your joints, the more you’re likely to develop this disease. Below are some risk factors of arthritis:

a. Obesity

This is the first factor that directly puts more pressure and stress on the joints. The most affected joints, in this case, are knee and hip joints. The excessive weight directly affects these joints and causes inflammation that over time leads to joint tissue deterioration.

b. Foods and medications

Certain types of foods and medications increase the risk of developing arthritis. For instance beer and other purine-rich foods that raise uric acid levels in the body.

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c. Smoking

Continuous smoking of cigarettes will increase the risk of getting rheumatoid arthritis. Smoking can also worsen arthritis symptoms leading to more serious medical problems.

d. Sports

Engaging in high-level sporting activities can result in arthritis especially where a lot of blunt force impact is required like long-distance running. This damages your bones and joints.

e. Occupational hazards

Those providing manual labor especially those that require repetitive motion have a higher risk of damaging their joints and thus developing arthritis. It’s, therefore, essential to have some protective measures that will help in reducing the damage as a result of the constant flexion and joint extension. Some easy and repetitive movements can also deteriorate the bones and cartilages over time.

In conclusion, these are some risk factors associated with the development of arthritis. Others include hormonal imbalance, stress, and previous infections.