Causes and Risk Factors of Arthritis

treatment of arthritis

Arthritis is described as joint inflammation. There are many forms of arthritis that have different causes, risk factors, and treatments. The common ones are gout, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoarthritis. In most cases, symptoms associated with arthritis develop over time and don’t appear immediately. This disease is commonly associated with people who are over 65 years of age, although research shows that it can develop on anyone including children and teens. Again, it’s also more common in females as compared to males and overweight people.

Some of the symptoms of arthritis include swelling, stiffness, and joint pain. In some cases, people may see redness on the skin, feeling tired, and lack appetite.

Causes of arthritis

Although there are different types of arthritis that have different causes, below is a list of the most often causes:

1. Older age

This is probably the first major cause of arthritis. When one gets older, the cartilages become brittle and thereby decreasing the capacity to repair themselves. For instance, osteoarthritis usually develops for people within the 40 to 50 age bracket. However, recent studies show that arthritis can still develop in children as a result of the new lifestyles that have taken shape in most societies.

2. Autoimmune factors

If you have inflammatory arthritis such as juvenile idiopathic arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, or rheumatoid arthritis, then you’re likely to have a tissue attack from your own immune system. However, it’s not still clear why it happens although there are some factors that have been associated with it including environmental exposure, genetic predisposition, and some infections. What happens is that the body’s immune system gets sensitized and starts making antibodies which then start attacking your joints and other body organs.

3. Infection

Having some viral or bacterial infections around your joints can result in cartilage deterioration as well as lesions that end up penetrating the synovial membrane. This means that those with joint infections, repeated gout, and staph infections have increased chances of getting arthritis.

4. Injury

Having injuries on the joints causes damage that destroys the smooth joint surface. Previous injuries are usually the cause of developing arthritis since the bone and cartilage end up taking a different shape as a result of the compression or impact created.

5. Genetics

Studies show that genetics plays a significant role in the development of some forms of arthritis. If there’s a family history whereby someone had arthritis, then there’s an increased risk of someone else within the lineage developing this disease. For instance, statistics show that about 40% of people who develop psoriasis have had a family member before with the disease. Additionally, rheumatoid arthritis has been linked to some genetic makers called HLA-DR4 and HLA-B27. Finally, osteoarthritis has also been linked to heredity and gene variations. Studies have also revealed that rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and fibromyalgia are mostly found in women whereas gout in men.

These are some of the top causes of arthritis.